Louisville, Kentucky, located across the Ohio River from Indiana, was home to a thriving music publishing industry throughout the middle of the nineteenth century, D.P. Faulds being one of the more prominent. It issued music representing both sides of the Civil War, as did other Border State publishers.
Four slave states, Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware voted down attempts to secede from the Union. They became known as Border States. Pro-Union and pro-Confederate sentiment ran high in all of these states, and troops from all of them served on both sides of the war. Is it any wonder that music publishers and other businesses also showed divided loyalties?
The Border States were hardly unique in having a sharply divided public opinion. White soldiers from every southern state except South Carolina served in the Union army, while southern Indiana became a hot spot in the Democratic Party’s opposition to the Lincoln administration. Some individual counties in southern Indiana actually voted to secede from the Union.
David Faulds and his company
At least eight music publishers set up shop in Louisville, Kentucky at some time in the 19th century. Most of them also manufactured pianos. David Faulds established his business in 1854. His last publication appeared in 1882, but he continued to manufacture pianos for the rest of the century. According to his obituary in 1903, his firm published some 2,500 pieces.
Between 1855 and 1871, Faulds (among other Louisville publishers) was member of the Board of Music Trade of the United States of America. He became its Vice President in 1860 and subsequently its President. At least four of Faulds’ clerks or bookkeepers established their own businesses as music publishers, with his active encouragement.
In 1856 Faulds apparently bought out George Washington Brainard. Brainerd, brother of Silas Brainerd of Cleveland, had come from Cleveland in 1851 to take advantage of the significant market, but ultimately failed to break in with his own firm. He returned to Cleveland, and Faulds continued to sell Brainerd publications in his store.
During the nineteenth century, music publishers in one city routinely developed relationships with those in other cities. In that way, they increased both the market for their own publications and the variety of merchandise in their own stores.
Besides the Brainerds of Cleveland, Faulds established ties with Oliver Ditson (Boston), Wm. Hall & Son (New York), Root & Cady (Chicago), Balmer & Weber (St. Louis), Bonner & Sapper (Richmond, Va.), Lee & Walker (Philadelphia) among others. Faulds also had his own office in Chicago, which appears on a few covers. In fact, on one of the songs listed below (“Song of the Union troops”) the Chicago address is printed above and in larger print than the Louisville office.
Civil War songs published by Faulds
Most of my Civil War posts are based on spreadsheets of Union and Confederate music as identified in the Library of Congress’ Performing Arts Encyclopedia.
In preparing this list, I have discovered that not all of the songs in the Civil War collection contain notes that the piece represents the Union or Confederate viewpoint. The database contains 26 pieces published by Faulds, three of which lack explicit notes of association.
If other publishers appear on the covers, I have noted them here. There are no entries for them in the Library of Congress database. Therefore, it is entirely possible that the collection contains pieces on which Faulds is an extra publisher on someone else’s imprint.
Music associated with the Confederate side
- That southern wagon / by Will S. Hays (Louisville, Chicago: D.P. Faulds, n.d.)
- Way down in Dixie / by Jr. Dixie (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1860)
- Song of the South / by James H. Huber (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1861) + Jas.A. McClure (Nashville & Memphis); Blackmar & Bro. (Vicksburg & New Orleans)
- Stars shine for every life / by J. Steeg (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1864)
- Hobson waltz / by D.W. Haley (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1865) + Bonner & Sapper (Richmond, Va.)
- The unhappy contraband / by Will S. Hays (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1865)
- We know that we were rebels, or Why can we not be brothers / by Charlie L. Ward (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1865) + Blelock & Co. (no place printed); Bonner & Sapper (Richmond, Va.)
- Bright southern star / Anon., words by B.F. Chase (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866)
- The conquered flag / Charlie L. Ward (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866)
- Faded gray jacket / Charlie L. Ward (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866) + Blelock & Co. (Memphis & New Orleans); Bonner & Sapper (Richmond, Va.)
- Gen. Beauregard waltzes / [Charlie L.] Ward (Louisville: David P. Faulds, 1866) Higgins Bros. (illegible, but certainly not the Chicago firm); Balmer & Weber (St. Louis); W.C. Peters & Sons (Cincinnati)
- General Hardee quick step / W.J. Landram (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866)
Music associated with the Union side
- The American flag / by Will S. Hays (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1863)
- Burnside quickstep / by C.E. Bright (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1863)
- The Constitution as it is, the Union as it was / by Will S. Hays (Louisville, Chicago: D.P. Faulds, 1863)
- The drummer boy of Antietam / by Albert Fleming (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866)
- Benny Haven’s o / by Noble Butler (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1864)
- Hurrah for the boys of the army / by A.D. Ennek (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1864)
- McClellan mazurka / by T. Edwin Bayley (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1864) + Root & Cady (Chicago); Balmer & Weber (St. Louis); A.C. Peters & Bro. (Cincinnati)
- The old sergeant / by Will S. Hays (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1864) + Root & Cady (Chicago); Balmer & Weber (St. Louis); Lee & Walker (Philadelphia)
- The coat of faded grey / by H.M. Hall (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1866)
Music unidentified by a note
- Song of the Union troops [cover title: Cheer, boys, cheer] / arr. by James Perry , (Chicago, Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1861) +
- I’m looking for him home / by Will S Hays (Louisville: D.P. Faulds, 1865) + J.A. McClure; C.D. Benson (Nashville–2 different firms?); Balmer & Webb (St. Louis); Lee & Walker (Philadelphia); Firth Pond & Co. (New York)
- The drummer boy [of Shiloh] / by Will S Hays (Louisville, Chicago: D.P. Faulds, 1865)
Source: Salut à Louisville : Music from Louisville During the Nineteenth Century / Marion Korda
Cover images are public domain from the Library of Congress